by Pascal Gervaz, Inan Ihsan, Perneger Thomas, Schiffer Eduardo, Morel Philippe.
The aim of this study was to compare open and laparoscopic sigmoid resection for diverticulitis with the patient and the nursing staff blinded to the surgical approach.
A total of 113 patients scheduled for an elective sigmoidectomy were randomized to receive either a conventional open (54 patients) or a laparoscopic (59 patients) approach. Postoperatively, an opaque wound dressing was applied and left in place for 4 days, and patients from both groups were managed similarly. The primary endpoints for analysis were (1) postoperative pain; (2) duration of postoperative ileus; and (3) duration of hospital stay (ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT 00453830).
The median duration of procedure was 165 minutes (range, 90-285) in the laparoscopy group and 110 minutes (range, 70-210) in the open group (P < 0.0001). The median delay between surgery and first bowel movement was 76 (range, 31-163) hours in the laparoscopy group versus 105 (range, 53-175) hours in the open group (P < 0.0001). The median score for maximal pain (assessed by a visual analog scale) was 4 (range, 1-10) in the laparoscopy group and 5 (range, 1-10) in the open group (P = 0.05). Finally, the median duration of hospital stay was 5 days (range, 4-69) in the laparoscopy group versus 7 days (range, 5-17) in the open group (P < 0.0001).
Laparoscopic sigmoid resection is associated with a 30% reduction in duration of postoperative ileus and hospital stay; by comparison, benefits in terms of postoperative pain appear less impressive, when the patient is blinded to the surgical technique.
in Annals of Surgery 2010 Jul; 252(1):3-8. doi: 10.1097/SLA. 0b013e3181dbb5a5.